- How can solar cells become cost-effective enough to be commercially viable?
- Is it possible to construct a perpetual motion machine?
- What’s the difference between AC and DC?
- Why do the products of a nuclear fission reaction in uranium have three neutrons but not three protons?
- Can sound be converted to useful energy?
- How many wind turbines would it take to power all of New York City?
- Why can’t magnetism be used as a source of energy?
- Can traditional gasoline-powered cars be converted to run on hydrogen fuel cells?
- Can we use heat generated from an air conditioner or refrigerator?
- Is it possible to collect energy from foot traffic?
What is “clean” coal?
“Clean” coal does not mean running the black sooty stuff through the washer. The phrase refers to technologies that mitigate or avoid pollutants or CO2 emissions generated by converting coal for electric energy…By Deborah Halber
“Clean” coal does not mean running the black sooty stuff through the washer. The phrase refers to technologies that mitigate or avoid pollutants or CO2 emissions generated by converting coal to electric energy, says János M. Beér, professor emeritus of chemical and fuel engineering.
Low-cost, easily transportable and widely available, coal is the primary fuel for generating electricity in the US and many other countries. The problem is that coal combustion contributes to global warming by adding more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere per unit of electricity than other fossil fuels.
To burn coal more cleanly, a number of technologies — some already in commercial use — have been developed. These include:
- using new high-temperature, high-strength alloys to increase coal plants’ boiler pressure and temperature, resulting in an increase in efficiency of up to 25 percent, so that less coal is used and less pollutant emitted per unit of electricity generated;
- converting coal to a “synthesis gas” of mainly carbon monoxide and hydrogen, which is cleaned of contaminants before being used in a gas turbine;
- capturing CO2 from fossil fuel combustion or gasification, compressing it and storing it deep underground.
“Well-funded research, development, and demonstration of successful deployment are critical for the timely success of clean coal technologies,” Beér said.